Exploring Denmark’s Glorious Past in the National Museum: Part Two – Medieval Denmark

…continued from Part One…

In Part Two of this look at the highlights of the National Museum of Denmark, I’ll be concentrating on the medieval art of Denmark.  It was a fascinating collection, with objects from Iceland, as well as German made religious art which was used in Danish churches.

The Middle Ages in Denmark are defined as starting in the year 1000 – conveniently, the year they became a Christian kingdom.  The Reformation of 1536, which saw the end of Catholicism in Denmark, marks the end of the Middle Ages.  It was a period of powerful landowning families, and the time when most of the towns of modern Denmark were settled.

View of a medieval gallery, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

View of a medieval gallery, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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St George, 1520, Hans Bruggermann, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Side view of St George, 1520, Hans Bruggermann, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Back view of St George, 1520, Hans Bruggermann, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Altarpiece, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. In the centre, God holds His dead Son, flanked by St Augustine and his mother St Monica. On the wings are St Paul and St Andrew and the group of saints known as "the fourteen intercessors" who were thought to have a special protective role against disease and death. On the left wing, top: Paul, Christopher, Barbara and Catherine; bottom, Dionysius, Cyriacus, Magnus (an Italian saint, unusual in Northern Europe) and Vitus. Right wing top: Andrew, Giles, George and Margaret; bottom, Eustace, Acacius, Blaise and Pantaleon.

Altarpiece, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. In the centre, God holds His dead Son, flanked by St Augustine and his mother St Monica. On the wings are St Paul and St Andrew and the group of saints known as “the fourteen intercessors” who were thought to have a special protective role against disease and death. On the left wing, top: Paul, Christopher, Barbara and Catherine; bottom, Dionysius, Cyriacus, Magnus (an Italian saint, unusual in Northern Europe) and Vitus. Right wing top: Andrew, Giles, George and Margaret; bottom, Eustace, Acacius, Blaise and Pantaleon.

Detail of Sainst Eustace, Acacius, Blaise and Pantaleon from Altarpiece, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of Sainst Eustace, Acacius, Blaise and Pantaleon from Altarpiece, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Altarpiece, 1518, north German, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. Mary is at the centre as the Queen of Heaven, encircled by the Apostles. At the top, a small figure of God blesses her, and an Old Testament prophet sits under her feet. The bishop and noblewoman are probably the donors.

Altarpiece, 1518, north German, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. Mary is at the centre as the Queen of Heaven, encircled by the Apostles. At the top, a small figure of God blesses her, and an Old Testament prophet sits under her feet. The bishop and noblewoman are probably the donors.

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Detail of the rosy cheeked bishops on the Altarpiece, 1518, north German, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Painted panel of God, Jesus, St Lawrence and St Cyriacus, c1525, from Boeslunde Church, Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Painted panel of God, Jesus, St Lawrence and St Cyriacus, c1525, from Boeslunde Church, Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Painted panel of Saints Dorothea, Catherine and Barbara, c1525, made in Germany, from Morkov Church, Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Painted panel of Saints Dorothea, Catherine and Barbara, c1525, made in Germany, from Morkov Church, Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Altarpiece from a side altar for St King Canute, north Germany, c1500, from St Peter's Church, Næstved, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Altarpiece from a side-altar for St King Canute, north Germany, c1500, from St Peter’s Church, Næstved, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Crucifixion altarpiece, north Germany, c1500, from Nordlunde Church, Lolland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. The wings show scenes from the death of St John the Baptist.

Judgement Day, wings from c1500, centre c1525, attributed to Benedikt Dreyer of Lübeck, from Birket Church, Lolland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Judgement Day, wings from c1500, centre c1525, attributed to Benedikt Dreyer of Lübeck, from Birket Church, Lolland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Mary and John the Evangelist, c1530, Claus Berg's workshop, from Vindinge Church, Fyn, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Mary and John the Evangelist, c1530, Claus Berg’s workshop, from Vindinge Church, Fyn, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Rood crucifix, c1350, from Elmelunde Church, Møn, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

DDetail of Mary and John the Evangelist, c1530, Claus Berg's workshop, from Vindinge Church, Fyn, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, DenmarkC_6081

Detail of Mary and John the Evangelist, c1530, Claus Berg’s workshop, from Vindinge Church, Fyn, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Cloth bag for the unconsecrated host, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Embroidery from a cope, late 15th century, from Visby Church, Jylland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Embroidery from a cope, late 15th century, from Visby Church, Jylland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

 

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Embroidered chasuble from Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Detail of a chasuble from Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Detail of a chasuble from Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Embroidered chasuble showing the Annunciation, 14th century, Reykir Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of Mary and the Annunciation from the embroidered chasuble, 14th century, Reykir Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of Mary and the Annunciation from the embroidered chasuble, 14th century, Reykir Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of Mary and Child from an embroidered chasuble, 14th century elements, St Olai Church, Helsingør, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of Mary and Child from an embroidered chasuble, 14th century elements, St Olai Church, Helsingør, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of a saint from an embroidered chasuble, 14th century elements, St Olai Church, Helsingør, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of a saint from an embroidered chasuble, 14th century elements, St Olai Church, Helsingør, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Nativity from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Nativity from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Annunciation from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Annunciation from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Magi from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the Magi from the Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail showing the birth of Mary?, Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail showing the birth of Mary?, Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Detail showing the Presentation of Mary (?), Icelandic altar cover, 15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Antependium showing the Virgin and Child between the Apostles Peter and Simon, 15th century, from Stafafell Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Antependium showing the Virgin and Child between the Apostles Peter and Simon, 15th century, from Stafafell Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the swaddled baby Jesus being fed, from the antependium showing the Virgin and Child between the Apostles Peter and Simon, 15th century, from Stafafell Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the swaddled baby Jesus being fed, from the antependium showing the Virgin and Child between the Apostles Peter and Simon, 15th century, from Stafafell Church, Iceland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Small triptych from a side altar, showing the Annunciation, c1520, north Germany, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Christ's Sepulchre used for religious plays at Easter, c1525, from Kerteminde Church, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Christ’s Sepulchre used for religious plays at Easter, c1525, from Kerteminde Church, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Altarpiece, c1435, pupil of Master Francke in Hamburg, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Altarpiece, c1435, pupil of Master Francke in Hamburg, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

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Detail of a man with a 70s tache from the altarpiece, c1435, pupil of Master Francke in Hamburg, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Detail of a man pointing to his pot from the altarpiece, c1435, pupil of Master Francke in Hamburg, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Detail of a man pointing to his pot from the altarpiece, c1435, pupil of Master Francke in Hamburg, Preetz Abbey, Holsten, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark.

The Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

The Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of a shepherd boy from the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of a shepherd boy from the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Detail of the Virgin and Child from the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the moon from the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Detail of the moon from the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

The wing of the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

The wing of the Boeslunde Altarpiece, c1425, made in north Germany, from Boeslunde Church on Sjælland, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

The Holy Family, c1500, north Germany, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. The colours are post-medieval.

The Holy Family, c1500, north Germany, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. The colours are post-medieval.

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Bearded man jug, c1400, Siegburg, found in Dragør, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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The Vejstrup Hoard, concealed c1230, found in Funen, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. It contains almost 16,000 coins.

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Shoes and children’s boots from 1350-1400, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Fragment of glazed tile, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Fragment of glazed tile, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Fragment of glazed tile showing an embracing couple, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Glazed tile showing Saints Cosmo and Damian (?), National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Glazed tile showing Saints Cosmo and Damian (?), National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Danish picture calendar, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Printed Danish picture calendar, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Intricate Danish picture calendar, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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The pillory from Copenhagen’s Town Hall, 16th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Child’s clothing, 14th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

St Olaf the Holy, c1275-1300, Tylldalen Church, Hedmark in Norway, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

St Olaf the Holy, c1275-1300, Tylldalen Church, Hedmark in Norway, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Beautiful bird, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

Rock-crystal Reliquary, c 1225, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. It was once the property of Ole Worm, a collector and physician, who received it by 1632 in payment for medical fees from a Swedish officer. It is probably booty from the Thirty Years War.

Rock-crystal Reliquary, c 1225, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark. It was once the property of Ole Worm, a collector and physician, who received it by 1632 in payment for medical fees from a Swedish officer. It is probably booty from the Thirty Years War.

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Aquamanile in the form of a man on a spotty horse, 12th-15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Aquamanile in the form of a musician on a horse, 12th-15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Aquamanile in the form of a knight on a horse, 12th-15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Aquamanile in the form of a knight on a horse, 12th-15th century, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Head of Christ from the rood-arch crucifix, Roskilde Cathedral, c1220, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Crucifix from Tirstrup Church, Ebeltoft, c1150-1175, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Frontal of altar table, from Sindbjerg Church, Vejle, c1175-1200, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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The Tamdrup Plates, Tamdrup Church, Horsens, c1200-1225, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

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Crucifix from Tirstrup Church, Ebeltoft, c1150-1175, National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark

…please click here for Part Three…

 

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